Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency

Building a Clean, Secure Economy

Author: James L. Sweeney
ISBN: 978-0-8179-1954-2
Publication Date: 8/1/2016

The entire world, especially the United States, is in the midst of an energy revolution. Since the oil embargo of 1973, individuals, corporations, and other organizations have found ways to economically reduce energy use. In this book, Jim Sweeney examines the energy policies and practices of the past forty years and their impact on three crucial systems: the economy, the environment, and national security. He shows how energy-efficiency contributions to the country’s overall energy situation have been more powerful than all the increases in the domestic production of oil, gas, coal, geothermal energy, nuclear power, solar power, wind power, and biofuels.

The author details the impact of new and improved energy-efficient technologies, the environmental and national security benefits of energy efficiency, ways to amplify energy efficiency, and more. Energy Efficiency: Building a Clean, Secure Economy reveals how the careful nurturing of private- and public-sector energy efficiency--along with public awareness, appropriate pricing, appropriate policies--and increased research and development, the trends of decreasing energy intensity and increasing energy efficiency can be beneficially accelerated.

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James L. Sweeney

James “Jim” L. Sweeney is a professor of management science and engineering at Stanford University, director of the Precourt Energy Efficiency Center, and a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution, the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, the Precourt Institute for Energy, the US Association for Energy Economics, and the California Council on Science and Technology.


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List of Figures and Tables
Foreword by George P. Shultz
Chapter 1. The Policy Context for Energy Efficiency
    Energy Efficiency as an Energy Policy Strategy
    The Environment
    The Economy
    Some Terminology: Energy Efficiency, Energy Conservation, Energy Intensity, Energy Productivity
    Barriers to Energy Efficiency
Chapter 2. Energy Efficiency Is All Around Us
    New or Improved Technologies
    Cars and Light Trucks
    Changed Adoption of Energy- Efficient Technologies
    Building Insulation
    Other Technologies in Buildings
    Efficiency in Federal Government Buildings
    Changed Company Practices
    Reducing Energy Usage as a Profit/Cost Strategy
    Data- Driven Industrial Energy Management
    Airline Capacity Factor Management
    Behavioral Strategies
    Commercial Building Retrofits
    Contracts/Collaborations to Overcome Split Incentive Problems
    Incentives: Internal Carbon Pricing
    In Summary
Chapter 3. Energy Efficiency and Aggregate Energy Intensity    in the United States—1950 through 2014
    The Pre-Energy- Crisis Period: 1950 to 1973
    The Energy Crisis: 1973–74
    Energy- Consumption Growth Expectations during the Early 1970s
    Energy Use after the 1973–74 Crisis
    US Domestic Energy Production in the Post- Energy- Crisis Period
    Domestic Energy Supply and Energy Demand Together
Chapter 4. Energy-Efficiency Benefits: Environment and Security
    Decarbonization of the US Economy
    US Net Energy Imports
Chapter 5. Sectoral Disaggregation of Energy Consumption
    Industrial, Transportation, Residential, Commercial Sectors
    Structural Shifts and the Industrial Sector
    Energy Efficiency and the Rebound Effect
Chapter 6. Amplifying Energy Efficiency
    Changed Energy-Efficiency Regulations
    Utility Customer- Funded Programs
    Financial Incentives
    Energy Research and Development
    Energy Policy and Advocacy Organizations
Chapter 7. Policy Lessons from the Past Forty Years: What Has Led to Increased Energy Efficiency?
    Going Forward: The President’s Goal
    Going Forward: Will the President’s Goal Be Met?
    Going Forward: Will Energy-Efficiency Progress Stop?
Appendix A: Conversion Efficiency in Electricity Generation
Appendix B: Calculation of Carbon Intensity of Energy Consumption
About the Author
Shultz-Stephenson Task Force on Energy Policy

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