Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov

The Conscience of Humanity

Editors: Sidney D. Drell, George P. Shultz
ISBN: 978-0-8179-1895-8
Publication Date: 10/1/2015

"The truth is never simple."—Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov holds an honored place in the pantheon of the world’s greatest scientists, reformers, and champions of human rights. But his embrace of human rights did not come through a sudden conversion; he came to it in stages. Drawing from a 2014 Hoover Institution conference focused on Sakharov’s life and principles, this book tells the compelling story of his metamorphosis from a distinguished physical scientist into a courageous, outspoken dissident humanitarian voice.

His extraordinary life saw him go from playing the leading role in designing and building the most powerful thermonuclear weapon (the so-called hydrogen bomb) ever exploded to demanding an end to the testing of such weapons and their eventual elimination. The essays detail his transformation, as he appealed first to his scientific colleagues abroad and then to mankind at large, for solidarity in resolving the growing threats to human survival—many of which stemmed from science and technology. Ultimately, the distinguished contributors show how the work and thinking of this eminent Russian nuclear physicist and courageous human rights campaigner can help find solutions to the nuclear threats of today.

CONTRIBUTORS: Gerhard Casper, Sidney D. Drell, James O. Ellis Jr., James E. Goodby, J. Bryan Hehir, Jim Hoagland, David Holloway, Elizabeth Holmes, Raymond Jeanloz, Jim Mattis, William J. Perry, Serge Schmemann, Lucy Shapiro, Jane Shaw, George P. Shultz, Christopher William Stubbs, William E. Swing, Philip Taubman, and Tatiana Yankelevich

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George P. Shultz

George Pratt Shultz has had a distinguished career in government, academia, and the world of business. He is one of two individuals to have held four different federal cabinet posts; has taught at three of this country’s great universities; and for eight years was president of a major engineering and construction company. Shultz was sworn in on July 16, 1982, as the sixtieth US secretary of state, serving until January 20, 1989.


Sidney D. Drell

Sidney D. Drell is a senior fellow, by courtesy, at the Hoover Institution and professor of theoretical physics (emeritus) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), Stanford University.


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Preface        vii
Sidney D. Drell, Jim Hoagland, and George P. Shultz

Acknowledgements        xxiii

1    The Evolution of Andrei Sakharov's Thinking        1
       Serge Schememann
2    The Scientist as Prophet: Sakharov's World and Ours        21
       J. Bryan Hehir
3    The Soul and Sakharov        35
       William Swing
4    Environmental Effects of Nuclear War        53
       Raymond Jeanloz
5    Decoding the Biosphere and the Infectious Disease Threat        69
       Lucy Shapiro
6    Diagnosis, Reinvented for the Individual        75
       Elizabeth Holmes
7    The Sakharov Conditions, Disrptive Technologies        81
       Christopher Stubbs
8    New Dilemmas in Ethics, Technology, and War: Sakharov's Principles in Today's World        91
       James O. Ellis Jr.
9    A Military Perspective        105
       Jim Mattis
10    Moral Reasoning and Practical Purpose        115
       David Holloway
11    A Global Commons: A Vision Whose Time Has Come        131
       James E. Goodby

Conference Agenda        143
About the Participants        147
Index        155

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