The Future of School Choice

The Future of School Choice

Editor: Paul E. Peterson
ISBN: 978-0-8179-3952-6
Publication Date: 12/15/2003
Pages: 268

In the most anticipated decision of its 2002 term, the Supreme Court ruled, in the case of Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, that the school voucher program in Cleveland, Ohio, did not violate the Constitution's ban on the "establishment" of religion. Opponents of vouchers (i.e., the use of public funds to help low-income families pay tuition at private schools, including religious schools) were predictably disappointed but pledged to fight on. In The Future of School Choice, a group of distinguished authors examine the meaning of the Supreme Court decision and consider the new political and policy context it has created.

The first part of the volume looks at the legal meaning of Zelman, assessing whether its legal impact is broad or narrow—and revealing that not every state judge necessarily views this in the same way. The second part explores the broader political realm and policy context in the wake of this Supreme Court decision. The collection as a whole provides an overview of the direction in which the school choice movement is likely to go in the years ahead.

The authors examine how the religious issue is handled in other countries without bitter or divisive controversy. They illuminate the difficulties of voucher politics for elected officials. And they discuss the viability of charter schools and tax credits or deductions as an alternative to vouchers. In addition, one chapter of the book is devoted to examining the implementation of the choice provisions contained in the 2002 education law, No Child Left Behind.


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Paul E. Peterson

Paul E. Peterson is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a member of the Koret Task force on K-12 Education. Peterson is the Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Government and the director of the Program on Education, Policy and Governance at Harvard University. His current research interests include educational policy, federalism, and urban policy, and he is currently evaluating the effectiveness of school voucher plans around the country.

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The Hoover Institution gratefully acknowledges the following individuals and foundations for their significant support of the
 
Initiative on
American Public Education
 
KORET FOUNDATION
 
TAD AND DIANNE TAUBE
 
LYNDE AND HARRY BRADLEY FOUNDATION
 
BOYD AND JILL SMITH
 
JACK AND MARY LOIS WHEATLEY
 
FRANKLIN AND CATHERINE JOHNSON
 
JERRY AND PATTI HUME
 
BERNARD LEE SCHWARTZ FOUNDATION
 
ELIZABETH AND STEPHEN BECHTEL JR. FOUNDATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS


 

Contributors

vii

 

Preface

ix

 

Introduction:
After Zelman v. Simmons-Harris, What Next?
     Paul E. Peterson

1

PART ONE
ZELMAN V. SIMMONS-HARRIS:
CONSTITUTIONAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL IMPLICATIONS

1.

The Equality Principle
     Kenneth W. Starr

25

2.

Seminal or Symbolic?
     Steven K. Green

35

3.

Sunshine Replaces the Cloud
     Clint Bolick

55

4.

The Need for Secular Choice
     Louis R. Cohen and C. Boyden Gray

87

5.

Liberalism and School Choice
     Peter Berkowitz

107

PART TWO
ZELMAN V. SIMMONS-HARRIS: POLICY IMPLICATIONS

6.

The Future of School Vouchers
     Terry M. Moe

135

7.

The Future of Tax Credits
     Martin R. West

157

8.

The Future of Charter Schools
     Bryan Hassel

187

9.

Implementing No Child Left Behind
     Ronald Brownstein

213

10.

Freedom and Accountability:
An International Overview
     Charles L. Glenn and Jan De Groof

227

 

Index

261


The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, founded at Stanford University in 1919 by Herbert Hoover, who went on to become the thirty-first president of the United States, is an interdisciplinary research center for advanced study on domestic and international affairs. The views expressed in its publications are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff, officers, or Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution.

www.hoover.org

Hoover Institution Press Publication No. 519 Copyright © 2003 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher.

First printing 2003

09 08 07 06 05 04 03 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Manufactured in the United States of America

The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48-1984.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data The future of school choice / Paul E. Peterson, editor. p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8179-3952-0
1. School choice—Law and legislation—United States. 2. Educational vouchers—Law and legislation—United States. I. Peterson, Paul E. KF4137.F88 2003
379.131130973—dc22
2003056770

 



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