Education in the Twenty-first Century

Education in the Twenty-first Century

Editor: Edward P. Lazear
ISBN: 978-0-8179-2892-6
Publication Date: 2/20/2002
Pages: 192

"Use what works and throw out what fails the child. This simple maxim presents a compelling measure of the need for change, for to follow it would amount to a revolution!"—from the foreword by George P. Shultz

Few issues today are more important in the United States than improving education. The recognition of the failures in our schools and the importance of correcting those problems have led to a great national debate on what works and what does not work. In this volume, a range of Hoover Institution scholars continues the search for the right answers, offering evidence, insights, and ideas on the key policy questions affecting education. Those scholars discuss a range of areas that includes such widely debated topics as national exams, accountability, performance, school funding, and other vital issues.

The book's thought-provoking contributions include the work of some of the most respected experts in the field. Paul Romer reveals why vouchers have not been politically successful despite most economists' belief that they are an efficient way to fund schooling. Thomas Sowell shows how the political and public school establishments have ignored the evidence on the education of minority children—with increasingly negative consequences. Jennifer Roback Morse explains how schools undermine the parent-child relationship—and outlines the policy changes that could reverse this trend.

Throughout the book, the contributors detail the importance of education to both the individual and society as a whole, shedding light on what education does, on various ways to structure education, on lessons that can be learned from the past, and on how much can be accomplished in the future.

Full-text PDF versions of each chapter can be accessed below by clicking on the desired chapter title. (PDF files require Adobe Reader. If you do not already have this software installed, click here to download it for free at the Adobe web site.)

Copyright ©2002 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher.

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Edward P. Lazear

Edward P. Lazear, Morris Arnold Cox Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, was named to President Bush's new advisory Tax Reform Panel. Lazear will work with nine other panel members to look into revenue-neutral policy options for reforming the Federal Internal Revenue Code. Lazear is also the Jack Steele Parker Professor of Human Resources, Management and Economics (1995) at Stanford University's Graduate School of Business, where he has taught since 1992. He taught previously at the University of Chicago's Graduate School of Business, where he was the Brown Professor of Urban and Labor Economics.

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The Hoover Institution gratefully acknowledges the following individuals and foundations for their significant support of the

Initiative on

American Public Education

KORET FOUNDATION

TAD AND DIANNE TAUBE

LYNDE AND HARRY BRADLEY FOUNDATION

BOYD AND JILL SMITH

JACK AND MARY LOIS WHEATLEY

FRANKLIN AND CATHERINE JOHNSON

JERRY AND PATTI HUME

DORIS AND DONALD FISHER

BERNARD LEE SCHWARTZ FOUNDATION

The Hoover Institution gratefully acknowledges

SHERM AND MARGE TELLEEN

for their generous support of this book project.

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Director’s Foreword      vii
John Raisian

Foreword      ix
George P. Shultz

Introduction      xvii
Edward P. Lazear

EDUCATION AND INCOME

The Age of Human Capital      3
Gary S. Becker

Education as a Determinant of Economic Growth      9
Robert J. Barro

The Value of Education: Evidence from Around the Globe      25
Robert E. Hall

Redistributional Consequences of Educational Reform      41
Paul M. Romer

EDUCATION AND SOCIETY

The Education of Minority Children      79
Thomas Sowell

Educating Black Students      93
Shelby Steele

Delivering Education      105
Andrew J. Coulson

Competing Visions of the Child, the Family, and the School      147
Jennifer Roback Morse

Contributors      179

Index      185


The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, founded at Stanford University in 1919 by Herbert Hoover, who went on to become the thirty-first president of the United States, is an interdisciplinary research center for advanced study on domestic and international affairs. The views expressed in its publications are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff, officers, or Board of Overseers of the Hoover Institution.

www.hoover.org

Hoover Institution Press Publication No. 501

Copyright © 2002 by the Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission of the publisher.

Chapter Five, “The Education of Minority Children” copyright © 2001 by Thomas Sowell

First printing 2002

07 06 05 04 03 02               9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

Manufactured in the United States of America

The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z39.48–1984.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

ISBN 0-8179-2892-8

 



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